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Uses of maize

Uses of maize

Fertilizer is used predominantly on maize and agricultural marketing is dominated by maize sales among smallholders (Govereh et al . Other Uses: The maize cob, the central rachis to which the grains are attached remains as an agricultural waste after threshing; it finds many important  Fun Corn Facts for Kids - Interesting Information about Maize Corn Facts for Kids There are over 3,500 different uses for corn products. Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field Uses of maize. , and potential for exports has added to the demand of  17 May 2018 Surprisingly, there are more ways to use maize that would amaze you! Some of the dishes that can be made from corn are . Allantoin (a chemical that allows cells to multiply normally). The industrial production from maize of preparations such as cornflour and starch and of the numerous by-products, maize germ oil, gluten feed, syrup, sugar and cerelose, is briefly outlined. As if to add a final comical exclamation point, the potato starch itself wasn't even the waxy variety. Maize germ meal. Corn flour, which is often mistaken for cornstarch, is ground from the whole kernel. Dent corn — Zea mays var. Soil requirements . It is the  17 Jun 2015 Comparative water use by maize, perennial crops, restored prairie, and poplar trees in the US Midwest. ), accounting for more than 95 percent of total production and use. a yellow colour. Industrial uses for. There are two basic categories of industrial processing employed for transforming maize into products for human consumption. By-products are used for animal feed and other applications. ADVERTISEMENTS: Maize is often known as Indian corn or simply corn and is a widely cultivated cereal. Dry summers, high yields, and alternative end uses, are encouraging farmers to grow maize for fodder. The whole cob can be boiled and used for human consumption. For example, the locus teosinte glume architecture 1 (tga1), The lack of commercial corn farming has meant little use of sophisticated, commercial hybrids. , Hungary, Canada, South Africa, such is showed in table 6. Surprisingly, there are more ways to use maize that would amaze you! Some of the dishes that can be made from corn are . Corn silk is used as a medicine. Jamie's Sweet and Easy Corn on the Cob. Maize production can be competitive with imports. 1 PAGE 4. Low in protein and fats. On average an ear of corn has 800 kernels in 16 rows. Maize also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about  Types and uses of maize. Maize flour is used to make baked products and corn bread. Popcorn is a type of flint corn but has its own size, shape, starch level and moisture content. Sometimes maize is used for making what are called corn pones, which well illustrate the difference between bread made of wheat and bread made of a flour containing no gluten. The chief use of maize is as a food for man and livestock. Jan 22, 2019 · Perhaps the worst part is that these studies not only used Vitargo, they did not derive it from waxy maize! That's right, the commonly cited WMS data actually used a carbohydrate extracted from potato starch (7, 9). g. Creamed corn is a soup or sauce made by pulping the corn kernels and collecting the milky residue from the corn. Improving maize productivity has been a major goal of the Zambian government. 4 PAGE 11. S. I. The idea of a maize maze was introduced by Adrian Fisher, one of the most prolific designers of modern mazes, with The American Maze Company who created a maze in Pennsylvania in 1993. ) is a member of the grass family, Poaceae (Gramineae). growers   1 Aug 2019 Learn how to cook with corn husks, corn silks and corn stalks and leaves so you don't waste any food. Jan 22, 2009 · The Introduction and Spread of Maize in Africa. Health Benefits of Corn. Many forms of maize are used for food, sometimes classified as various subspecies related to the amount of starch each has: Flour corn: Zea mays var. High-protein maize – it contains around 18% of protein content against the roughly 10% of the ordinary corn which could aid to lower the amount of the protein concentrate like fish-meal and oilcake-meal needed for fair stock feed. ADVERTISEMENTS: Maize as Food Grain: Types and Uses of Maize as Food Grain! Maize is the third important cereal crop of the world after rice and wheat. Wet milling 2. Maize-based manufacture of… Oral vaccines Hepatitis B Lt-B (E. Also called: Indian corn a tall annual grass, Zea mays, cultivated for its yellow edible grains, which develop on a spike. 2 billion people in SSA and Latin America. South African maize. 1. Grilled Corn on the Cob. 6) had the highest for farmers that used IMS. The most important crop is beans, while other important agricultural products are maize and rice. Corn on the altar represents the power of the Corn Mother, She who blesses and nourishes all Her earthly children. Blends Well With. When crushed, it can used be used in the formulation of poultry and fish feeds. The maize starch is also used for filling the food items. The maize plant produces high drymatter yields and therefore has a high requirement for nutrients especially nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field Aug 28, 2017 · "What Is The Use Of Maize? Watch more videos for more knowledge What Is The Use Of Maize? Watch more videos for more knowledge Popped Secret: The Mysterious Origin of Corn https://www. Jul 26, 2018 · At maturity, each plant will have used 250ℓ of water in the absence of moisture stress. Maize is a crop with three alternative end uses - green feed, silage, or grain. The oil is a good antioxidant and does not solidify at room temperature; hence does not cause have cholesterol found in animal fats. The ears of corn may range from a couple of inches to a foot long, in colors that include white, red, yellow, blue, and black. Maize has gone through complex changes in use and form in parts of Southwestern Europe first and later in Southeastern Europe in the last 100 years. Foliar feeding of corn / maize – the  white maize. Maize starch and oil are also major products (Ecocrop, 2010). Nov 02, 2019 · Maize meal is used for a large variety of cooking purposes. The immature cobs are largely eaten after manufactured from the grain. Examples of “maize”. , 2003). Maize is a relatively new crop in Bangladesh and it has an enormous market potential. 6 Oct 2015 Maize plays an increasingly vital role in global grain production. Corn is a cereal crop that is part of the grass family. Maize • 90% of Africa's total maize production is white • 90% of world production of maize is yellow (McCann, 112) Different Parts of a Corn Plant. The waxy maize combines well with the protein to enhance protein synthesis. 3 Husked maize (corn) ear means an ear as referred to in Section 2. The image on the right shows another common food use of maize in Nigeria,  The increasing use of maize as feed, increasing interest of the consumers in nutritionally enriched products and rising demand for maize seed are the. It is also used to treat congestive heart failure, diabetes, high blood pressure, fatigue, and high cholesterol levels. Leitch. , aprotinin) A human therapeutic protein that is commonly used to control blood loss during surgery. In my opinion, Adidas uses the correct shade of maize. In addition to playing a major role in the human diet, maize is also used as livestock fodder. Maize definition: Maize is a tall plant which produces long objects covered with yellow seeds called | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Maize Bran : The nutrient packed layers covering the inner kernel of Maize grains is known as bran. Its grain is a rich source of starch, vitamins, proteins and minerals. Popcorn. They are a rich source of vitamins A, C, and K, among other important nutrients. Get in touch with any feed manufacturer and you will be happy you did Re: Of What Use Is Maize Cob After Removing The Grains. Nutritious and highly appetizing. 5mg iron. (Report) by "African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development"; Agricultural industry Food/cooking/nutrition Health, general Corn Growth Corn industry Economic aspects Production processes Crop yields Farm management Methods More than 90% of maize is used as poultry feed and the remaining in fish sector and as human food products. At the right are three varieties of Lenape corn: Delaware "black" (or blue) Oct 25, 2015 · Makke ka atta is the flour milled from maize or corn . Apr 27, 2015 · Corn flour is consumed widely in Indian cooking. Maize definition is - a tall annual cereal grass (Zea mays) originally domesticated in Mexico and widely grown for its large elongated ears of starchy seeds : corn:1. Maize is the staple food in Zambia and most small-scale farming households are engaged in maize production. Evolution of Maize Agriculture Corn or maize (zea mays) is a domesticated plant of the Americas. It is a good crop for fighting hunger as it is easier to store. Cornstarch is made from maize kernels which is act as a thickening agent in soups. Currently, there are more biotech traits available on the market in maize than in any other crop. Maltodextrins are plant-based ingredients used in food, obtained from cereals (maize and wheat) and potatoes. Maize or corn serves as a basic raw material to thousands of industrial products that may include oil, starch, alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, pharmaceutical, food sweeteners, food cereals, cosmetic, and film, gum, textile, package and paper industries. coli toxin assoc. Not fit for human consumption, maize bran is a nutritious component of livestock feeds and is even used by some farmers as a complete replacement for expensive livestock feeds. Maize is used extensively as the main source of calories in animal feeding and feed formulation. Analyses have shown that maize satisfies all the qualities of a good diet. It is coarse in texture and the colour may vary from light yellow to dark yellow. As a food, the whole grain, either mature or immature, may be used; or the maize may be processed by dry milling techniques to give a relatively large number of intermediary products, such as maize grits of different particle size, maize meal, maize flour and flaking grits. Most of the corn crop provides the main energy ingredient in livestock feed. Latest Commodity News and Analysis. More is produced, by weight, than any other grain, and almost every country on Earth cultivates maize commercially for a variety of uses. Now before I go into how each piece of equipment works specifically, I want to talk a little about how we farm. 20kg Bags of maize bran currently sells for K12,500, which is around 25% of the price of the same weight in maize meal. The uses of maize include the following: Maize plays an important role in food security. The main maize exporters are: United States, Argentina , France, China P. It is also one of the most important target crops for the application of biotechnology. Milling the grain like wheat to make flour is one way to use sorghum; however, this is not one of the better-known uses of the crop. . The principal food products from the wet milling industry are corn starch, corn syrup, high-fructose corn syrup, dextrose and corn oil. The maize yield will be the same or even better than that planted using chemical fertilizers. The other three major feed grains are sorghum, barley, and oats. Uses of Maize as Food and Medicine The diet or food must be high in complex carbohydrates. Important maize planting tips • Before, planting buy seed that is suitable to your area. Moreover, leaf curl, which helps conserve water for use in other functions,  How to increase Maize yield in MexicoRead More. The yellow corn commonly found in the United States pales in comparison to the shapes, sizes, and colors of the traditional maize varieties cultivated by the indigenous peoples of Mexico. 4. 3g ash, 10. It is used for food, feed or raw materials for food and feed. It has a hard exterior shell and a soft starchy center. It should also be noted that there are preferences for the type of grain to be produced. Mexican Bean Salad. Jun 10, 2011 · Maize production in sri lanka. Corn may also be referred to as maize or Indian corn and is believed to originate from Mexico and Central America. This could be due to the fact that IMS might be given easily to farmers that paid their dues regularly. Maize can be used as forage, feed for livestock and making silage after fermentation of corn stocks. everta. Flint corn: This is a hard corn that ripens rapidly. Maize plants constitute the main subject material for the study of genetics and biochemistry. Continue Reading. R. The maximum inclusion rate recommended for dairy and beef cattle is 25% of the diet. It can be used as an alternative for maize (corn) because their nutritional values are similar. Healthy Eyes. Record Number : Many forms of maize are used for food, sometimes classified as various subspecies related to the amount of starch each has: Flour corn — Zea mays var. At the front of a combine is the corn head. is a firm or individual who arranges transactions, on behalf of clients, to buy or sell contracts for commodities such as corn, soybeans, livestock and wheat. Sweet corn: This corn contains both starch and sugar and thus tastes sweet. For example, 35 different races of maize have been identified in pre-Columbian Peru, including popcorns, flint varieties, and varieties for specific uses, such as chicha beer, textile dyes, and flour. Gene Knockout: Multiplexing Example Oct 01, 2016 · Corn can be used for spells protection, luck, and in divination. In culinary, the corn is generally mentioned as sweet corn, popcorn, Maize can be used as forage, feed for livestock and making silage after fermentation of corn stocks. A biomass gasification power plant in Strem near Güssing, Burgenland, Austria was begun in 2005. However, the term corn is preferred over maize for food products that are made from it, such as corn flour, corn starch, cornmeal etc. Corn will always have an even number of rows on each cob. . Sweet corn: Zea mays var. Maize is an all-important crop which provides an avenue for making various types of foods. It is also used to create a variety of food and nonfood products, such as corn meal, sweeteners, corn oil, starch and ethanol, which is used as a cleaner-burning alternative to gasoline. It is of special importance in the hilly and sub-montane regions of the country where it forms the staple diet of the people, particularly in the winter months. Native Americans probably bred the first corn from wild grasses, and crossed high-yielding plants to make hybrids. 2. 3. Although we have our standard range of products, we are in a position to cater to the specific customised requirements. fields of maize. In India, maize is the third most important food crops after rice and wheat. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. Generation of transgenic events is a crucial step in the development of biotech traits. are prefered which differ from varieties used for human consumption. In maize grain the seed coat (testa) is fused with the fruit wall (pericarp). Very high in dietary fibers. Corn is not only eaten directly, but is also used in many different ways like in tortillas, cornflakes, corn flour and corn syrup. Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. It is also a key ingredient in some margarine. Maize or Indian corn (Fig. ' A typical harvesting machine comprises of a traveling part, a reaping part, and a baler part. Maize Cultivation Guide: There are many other uses of maize and this serves as a basic raw material to thousands of industrial products that may include oil, starch, alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, pharmaceutical, food sweeteners, food cereals, cosmetic, and film, gum, textile, package and paper industries. As maize-based, crop-livestock systems intensify, the challenge is to ensure that maize production contributes. Eaten at almost every meal, this was one of the Indians main foods. 5%. Grain is the most important part of maize crop. A limited number of maize varieties are available for green feed silage and silage crops, and of those which are available Dec 11, 2013 · Maize kernel anatomy. They belong to the Carbohydrates family. Also known as. By planting maize seed together with fertilizers, farmers hope that the seed will use the fertilizer after it has exhausted its reserves of nutrients. Apr 25, 2017 · World Leaders In Corn (Maize) Production, By Country. Hulls are used for fuel, packing material, industrial grinding, fertilizer manufacture, and in the manufacture of an industrial chemical called furfural. In the wet milling process, maize is separated into relatively pure chemical compound classes of starch, protein, oil, and fiber. ) is a major staple food grain throughout the world, particularly in Africa, Latin America and Asia, and a major feedstuff in developed countries. Maize or Corn Starch is a typical cereal starch with distinctly low protein and ash contents. When to use maize: Maize is another word for corn. The name maize is derived from the Arawak-Carib word mahiz. 5 Feb 2007 Iroquois uses of maize and other food plants. also known as maize silk The use of herbal remedies, including corn silk (also known as maize silk), classified as Zea mays, are popular as an alternative to standard Western allopathic medicine for a variety of problems, including prostate disorders, a diuretic as well as for bedwetting and obesity. , laccase, trypsin) Globally, maize is a staple crop, and many people rely on it as a primary source of nutrition. Mar 19, 2019 · Zea mays NATURAL REMEDIES MADE WITH CORN PLANT Internal use corn preparations with corn silk The decoction of corn silk (stigmas from female maize flowers), at the rate of 5O g per liter for 20 minutes, is one of the most important natural resources to increase diuresis or disposal of body fluids. The ink used to print them contains corn oil. Dec 01, 2012 · Free Online Library: Use of improved inputs and its effect on maize yield and profit in Uganda. Maize meal is also a significant ingredient of some commercial animal food products, such as dog food. Popcorn — Zea mays var. But also many non food products contain maize, for example: batteries, adhesives, drugs, plastics, soap, and whisky. mostly ignore for example that maize is also grown as fodder or silage crop especially in countries where dairy production is developed. Maize (Zea mays L) is the most important and most widely distributed cereal in the world after wheat and rice. The maize in her two lima plot is already in its tasseling stage and according to her, green maize should be ready between late January and early February. The stigmas measure 4-8 in (10-20 cm) long and are collected for medicinal use before the plant is pollinated. Maize is a crop having short life cycle and requires warm weather, appropriate apprehension and management. When you use waxy maize to complement a protein drink, you get even more benefits. The scope of the PMEM plan provided by the applicant and the reporting intervals are in line with the intended uses of maize MON 87427 × MON 87460 × MON 89034 × MIR162 × NK603. indurata. MEDICINAL USES Tea made from the maize cob silk helps to: - Increase urine output. Flint corn — Zea mays var. While corn does contain more sugar than other vegetables, compared with cereal grains like wheat, quinoa, and rice, the calorie count is lower. However, productivity among smallholder farmers is declining in the face of declining land size, soil quality, and limited use of complementary inputs such as fertiliser, water scarcity and drought. Its culms and leaves afford excellent fodder for cattle; and the grain, of which the yield in favourable situations is upwards of a hundredfold, is used for the same purposes as maize, rice, corn and other cereals. Christopher Columbus first discovered corn in Cuba, and then took it back to Europe. Sep 12, 2017 · In the case of maize, the selective broadleaf herbicide is used because maize crop belongs to the grass family so any herbicide to be applied must be friendly to grasses but injurious to broadleaf weeds. May 14, 2019 · It is also known as maize oil. An unusual use for maize is to create a "corn maze" (or "maize maze") as a tourist attraction. Maize has become is today used as an important raw material in food processing, poultry, dairy, meat and ethanol industry and along with its traditional uses makes it one of the fastest growing cash crops in the world. The most important countries from which South Africa imported maize during the past three years were the United States, Argentina and Kenya. Through the Nepal Seed and Fertilizer (NSAF)  Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal crop that originated in South America, but is now grown around the world. It can carry essential oils and as such can be used in aromathrapy massages. Dried corn was made into hominy by soaking corn in water until the kernels split open. 700Jo in the feed industry , 190Jo in the wet milling industry and lOOJo in the dry milling industry. According to NCGA, dent corn accounts for approximately 99% of all corn production in the U. Corn on the cob represents the phallic gods and draws creative or sexual energy. Iroquois uses of maize and other food plants by Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881-1955 Maize is grown both (as sweet corn) for human consumption and (as field corn) for other uses such as animal feed and biofuels. 12 ‘There are also the aloes, indigo, sugar canes, cotton, the anana, the banana, tobacco, the potato, the pumpkin, land and water melons, cucumbers, and an hundred and other plants, fruits, and roots, which grow everywhere, and without cultivation, even on the mountains. It actually takes a lot of years to gain experience in maize farming or any kind of crop you want to farm. , 1981). The maize grain is a major feed grain and a standard component of livestock diets where it is used as a source of energy. It is mostly used and traded as a leading feed crop but is also an important food staple. It is used for three main purposes: as a staple food crop for human consumption, a feed for livestock, and as raw material for many industrial uses, including bio-fuel production. All parts of the crop can be used for food and non-food products. Maize flour  Maize is often known as Indian corn or simply corn and is a widely cultivated cereal. Global maize production, utilization, and consumption. Corn is also used to make ethanol (for either drinking or as a fuel source for motor vehicles), its by-products and grains as animal feed and biomass for energy, as a source of cooking oil, and for corn syrup and corn starch in the food industry. In the last 10 years, the use of maize for fuel production significantly increased, accounting for approximately 40% May 17, 2018 · Maize (popularly known as corn) is often thought of as a roasted or boiled roadside snack that can easily be munched on the go. Jul 19, 2019 · Maize is the cheapest source of calories among the cereal grains, making up about 65% of total food calories consumed by households in Kenya. Maize is sometimes used as a biomass fuel, such as ethanol . Aug 31, 2017 · Using Maize in a Sentence. Maize gives the highest conversion of dry substance to meat, milk and eggs compared to other cereal grains. It is valuable livestock feed, as human food and raw material for several industries. The finest grade of ground corn is corn flour, used for pancakes, donuts, breading, and baby A list of 13 ways ways corn is used in our everyday lives that you may not have known about. Normal maize contains 9-11% protein, of which lysine constitutes 2% and tryptophane0. amylacea. Maize is the most important cereal crop in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and an important staple food for more than 1. They have a calorific value of 4 kcal/g (similar to all other carbohydrates). Get tips for cooking corn stock, tamales  What started as a vertical integration solution for paper 75 years back is today an innovative, specialty chemicals company serving customers across diverse . 1. How to use maize in a sentence. Nov 19, 2019 · Green beans are also called string beans. The maize industry is important to the economy both as Maize has many uses; food, feed for live stock and energy for industries. It is cultivated worldwide and is one of the most  Use #MyFarmMyYield and #contest. Maize is used as a livestock, forage or silage for animals. The planter is used to plant corn and sunflowers. Occasionally, people use it to refer to the color of corn. Makai ka atta. Contents. In other countries, it is used to make corn oil. CONTENTS. Maize also forms the basis for the production for most animal feeds in Nigeria. It is also used in the production of some alcoholic drinks. The bulk of all the corn grown rarely becomes food. When dried and ground, maize meal may be  The purpose of this booklet is to provide information on Uses of Maize Meal. Pap. The Maize grain can be taken as an example of monocotyledon seed. 4 Overall conclusions and create maps of land cover and changes in land use. The system went online Tuesday  24 May 2010 RELATIVES Corn, or maize, descended from a Mexican grass . The top supplying countries or regions are China, Philippines, and India, which supply 99%, 1%, and 1% of uses maize respectively. Maize can also be used in a number of other ways: Maize flour, or meal, is made into a thick porridge in many cultures (polenta, Italy; angu, Masa (cornmeal treated with lime water) is the main ingredient for tortillas, atole, Cornstarch is made from maize kernels, which are high in Uses of Maize: Zein, the protein which occurs in maize grain, is utilized for making artificial fibres with good tensile strength and wool-like qualities. youtube Maize can be processed for a range of uses both as an ingredient in food or drinks, eg corn syrup in soft drinks or maize meal, or for industrial purposes. by dwizy ( m ): 7:04pm On Jul 26 , 2012 Without these supplements, or the lime processing inherent in the production of masa (maize flour) used in the production of tortillas and related foodstuffs, maize-dominant diets have the potential to result in the spread of the skin disease pellagra. Thus the maize starch can be used for the thickening of the sauces, gravies and pudding. Dent corn. Fertilizer. Corn is a plant that was believed to be first cultivated by the Aztecs and Mayans. However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup. The protein, hulls and soluble part of the maize kernel are used in animal and poultry feed. Not a bad piece of training equipment for No post market monitoring of food and feed is necessary. In its immature form it is the familiar yellow corn on the cob. The abundant global cultivation has led to concerns about monocropping and biodiversity, Maize has got many uses compared to other cereals. Dry milling 3. Industrial enzymes (e. Externally, the maize grain is yellow in colour and somewhat triangular in shape. Corn is used as livestock feed, as human food, as biofuel, and as raw material in industry. They are known as dry and wet milling. Since the 1990s the maize trade has fluctuated between 70 to 90 millions of tons. indentata. Commodity Broker. Many people also use it as fodder. Cornsilk can also be removed from corn cobs for use as a remedy. Aug 30, 2019 · Corn silk – which is the stigma of maize – is a soft, thread-like waste material that is either green or yellow. Common use includes: breakfast cereals, cooking oil, corn starch (as a thickener), popcorn, as a vegetable (sweet corn). Corn contains carotenoids – lutein and zeaxanthin. 3 PAGE 9. The grain is usually referred to as corn (3) in the USA or as maize in other countries. As well as being eaten  Introduction: Diverse uses of Starch make it a very versatile product. Maize is used as human food, livestock feed, and export. It is becoming increasingly important in many countries for the production of starch, ethanol and plastics. Maize is added to the silage to increase the nutritional value of the silage. 4 Corn is the main cereal grain as measured by production but ranks third as a staple food, after wheat and rice. Maize is a staple food for billions of people around the world, but it has multiple uses, including for stockfeed and in the manufacture of food, pharmaceutical and industrial goods. Corn silk is used for bladder infections, inflammation of the urinary system, inflammation of the prostate, kidney stones, and bedwetting. 6 per cent water, 140mg vitamins, 9mg calcium, 290mg, phosphorus and 2. 4 g protein; 4. Uses of Maize Bran Maize bran is mainly used in cattle feed, Fisheries, and Feed Additives. How to increase nutrient use efficiency in maize fertilizationRead More. Jun 30, 2008 · Maize (Corn) May Have Been Domesticated In Mexico As Early As 10,000 Years Ago. Globally, maize is the most cultivated staple crop and is used as a primary source of nutrition. Reapers are used for cutting cereal grains, threshers for separating the seed from the plant; whereas corn or maize harvesting is performed by employing a specially designed mechanical device ' mechanical corn pickers. a tall annual cereal grass (Zea mays) originally domesticated in Mexico and widely grown for its large elongated ears of starchy seeds : corn:1… Nov 04, 2019 · Corn, (Zea mays), also called Indian corn or maize, cereal plant of the grass family (Poaceae) and its edible grain. Feb 18, 2012 · The Maize Bag is made out of a Swiss Ball and filled with about 15 pounds of sand and hung by nylon cord, it's very durable and should last for years. Knowing the fact that maize is commonly used in different area especially as a food supply to a lot of countries. Nike uses more of a sunglow, jonquil, or amber shade (when compared to the 1st picture), Uses of Maize Maize has a wide variety of uses that ranges from both human to industrial. Corn Facts for Kids. In the United States and Canada, maize grains are used as feed for livestock; however, the digestibility and palatability of maize silage, made by fermentation of chopped green corn stalks, is greater than dried. The most suitable soil for maize has generous depth, a favourable structure, good internal drainage, optimal moisture, sufficient and balanced plant nutrients, and chemical properties that favour maize production. Corn is loaded with flavonoids (which, among other things, protect against lung and oral cancers), antioxidants (such as ß-carotenes), and lutein. Maize production in Africa is very low: while the average yield worldwide is approximately . If you should come by the use of such a sheller, the only necessary precaution — other than keeping your hands out of the works while the wheels are spinning — is to be sure your corn is Oil is processed from the bran for both food and industrial uses. Industrial uses of maize. Use of Maize Seed and the Dimension of Social Capital The use of maize seed and the dimensions of SC is presented in table 3 and it revealed that cash contribution index (85. Pop corn: The grain of this corn is very hard and small in Nov 01, 2019 · Maize, also known as corn, is one of the most extensively cultivated cereal crops on Earth. Corn was found to be easily stored and preserved during the cold winter months. (as modifier)a maize gown. Maize cobs, some varieties of corn and dry and green stalks of maize are used as animal feeding materials along with wheat straw, wheat and rice bran, oilseed cakes, alfalfa, forages and grasses, hay of food crops, shrubs, tree leaves, molasses and the pulp of fruits and vegetables etc. Maize is a lighter yellow that obviously resembles the color of common corn. Weeds are unwanted crops that grow sporadically with the sown crop. Regardless of the variety, corn plants have the same basic parts and plant structure. While the United States primarily grows three types of corn, the most commonly recognized variety is the yellowish-colored ears of corn that are commonly eaten off the cob. Dec 15, 2016 · Maize remains a key food crop in Africa, Latin America and Asia where it is primarily used as human food; in developed countries though, maize is one of the most important raw materials for animal feed production and biofuels. Publication date: 1910. And whether uses maize is common, organic, or gmo. Aug 24, 2013 · Maize of course has other uses. The effect on the maize will, however, be very minimal since maize is a heavy feeder; therefore we would advise that when using compost for the first time, you can add a bottle top of concentrated organic fertilizer to boost the maize growth because the amount of nutrients in one handful of manure is very little and may not help the maize in meeting its nutritional requirements during the growth phase. One hundred gram of fresh grain contains 361 calories of energy, 9. By Khawar Jabran, Dr Zahid Ata & Dr Muhammad Farooq MAIZE ranks third most grown crop in the world with an area of  An unusual use for maize is to create a "corn maze" (or "maize maze") as a tourist attraction. The very existence of maize is an example of this. The aim of the booklet is to provide guidelines to our field extension staff together  23 Sep 2016 Maize fiber is a by-product or derivative of the wet milling process and is obtained from corn or maize. Oct 12, 2018 · This study uses an ensemble of crop models applied on a spatial grid to quantify the contributions of various climatic drivers to past yield variability in grain maize and winter wheat of European South Africa is white and the other 40% is yellow maize. Maize was used and eaten in a variety of ways, but was always nixtamalized. Maize is the major source of starch world wide, and is used as a food ingredient, either in its native form or chemically modified (White 1994). - Reduce swelling of the feet. Sep 24, 2019 · 13 Amazing Health Benefits of Corn Maize. It is also the most harvested grain as compared to others. South Africa exports maize mainly to Japan, Iran, Kenya and Venezuela. Most of the maize movement for trading is used to fed livestock and poultry. When it matures and dries out it is used like other grains to make grain foods like breakfast cereal and tortillas. - Particularly swelling of feet in… Maize is a time interval which is utilized for the plant which is not cooked or nonetheless raw on the branches of the cob whereas corn is the phrase which is used for the maize which has been cooked and in a position to eat. 8g fibre; 1. In addition, maize is used as medicine and as raw materials for industries. Using sugarcane fertilizer helps improve the quality of soil, thereby improving the quality of any food grown in that soil. 221) is a stout annual plant culti­vated for the grains during the rainy season. Fire is often used to clear the land for maize production even though this method of clearing land causes the soil to be nutrient poor. While Americans do use sorghum, India and parts of Africa consider it a particularly valuable food source. Also referred to as “field corn,” dent corn is rightly named for the dimple that forms in the middle of the corn’s kernel. Maize is processed to make an assortment of products ranging from high fructose corn syrup to biofuels, all of which play important roles in human society. This is a diverse grain. There are a number of different types of maize: Field corn in the U. 2 with the removal of its leafy outer covering but un-shelled. May 31, 2013 · The grain drill (or drill) is used to plant (or we call it seed) wheat and soybeans. Additionally, some foods and beverages that are prepared with maize are listed. Sweet corn — Zea mays var. Maize straw is used for bedding. Also known as maize Indians throughout North and South America, eventually depended upon this crop for much of their food. This is the earliest physical evidence of maize use obtained to date, and it  18 Dec 2017 Brewers use adjuncts for lots of reasons: to cut costs (as adjunct grains can be cheaper sources of fermentable sugar than malted barley),  Read about some Uses of Indian Corn Corn or maize (zea mays) is a domesticated plant of the Americas. Popcorn: Zea mays var. 2 PAGE 6. The Uses and Value of Maize Uses: 1. Thirdly, urea is widely used in the agriculture sector both as a fertilizer and animal feed additive. Iroquois Uses of Maize and Other Food Plants Arthur Caswell Parker Full view - 1910 The Mogollon, in turn, played a large role in introducing maize to societies north of the Rio Grande, a pivotal event as important to North America as the arrival of rice was to China or wheat to One of its best uses is as a chopped green crop or as ensilage. Types and uses of maize Field corn. Corn oil is mono unsaturated oil that is beneficial to the body. Not only is the grain valuable as a stock feed, but the plant as a whole is an important fodder crop. It has a mild nutty flavor which should go well with essential oils of nuts. A nutritious diet, filled with the right kind of elements will definitely help prevent many diseases from taking form. S K Hamilton1,2,3, M Z Hussain1,2, A K  World maize production increased from 1979-1981 to 1987, as shown by continent in Wet milling is a process applicable mainly in the industrial use of maize,  In the United States and Canada, the primary use for maize is as a feed for livestock, forage, silage, or grain. Many Uses for Corn. Corn is called maize by most countries, this comes from the Spanish word ‘maiz’. Dent com: This is soft maize, widely cultivated and has great commercial value. Except for pod corn, these divisions are based on the quality, quantity, and pattern of endosperm composition, which defines the size of the kernel, Apr 30, 2010 · The stigmas are found on the female flower of corn, a grain that is also known as maize and is a member of the grass family (Gramineae or Poaceae). Maize bran is loaded with insoluble fiber, which is important for digestive health, and soluble fiber, which helps to lower the cholesterol level in the blood. May 15, 2017 · Maize has a variety of uses. India is one of the top 10 maize producers in the world; it contributes around 2-3 % of the total maize produced globally and is one of the top-5 maize exporters in   Maize: cereal with a variety of uses. Used in the production of animal, poultry and fish feed. Uses Of Maize Maize can be used in many other ways they are: Maize Flour, Cornstarch, 3. In parts of Africa, India, and China maize continues to fit between various ecological niches. It also has some medicinal values and serves as raw-materials for many industries. The country has a great potentiality to improve and expand the maize production. An ear or cob of corn is actually part of the flower and an individual kernel is a seed. Thisdeficiency is a major constraint on the use of maize in human and animal diets. However, with regard to commodity trading, corn is only maize, and does not include any other grains. Maize is one of the most cultivated cereals in the world. Maize with exceptional high content of oil – utilized in the creation of the maize oil. Oct 09, 2010 · Even more finely ground meal is called corn cones, and is used for baking and for dusting pizza dough. Baby corn. Sweet corn. Maize (Zea mays L. Varieties of maize The industrial use of maize is categorised into three processes: 1. sweeteners and used in products such as soft drinks, sweets, bakery products and jams, to name but a few. Roots are of fibrous adventitious type. The car that carries you to and from school may be powered by fuel containing ethanol. Abstract : The industrial production from maize of preparations such as cornflour and starch and of the numerous by-products, maize germ oil, gluten feed , syrup, sugar and cerelose, is briefly outlined. Dent corn : Zea mays var. regional note: in AM, usually use corn. Oct 29, 2013 · In the food industry, the maize can be used for the determination of the texture of the food items. 2 Unhusked maize (corn) ear means a mature whole ear (full maturity without the removal of its leafy outer covering). Now, it usually refers to any corn that has Aug 02, 2014 · Uses of maize and its Functions 1. There was slightly higher NDF content in MBS compared to MB due to higher NDF content of sunflower meal. Types of Maize The various types of maize are: Sweet corn, Field corn, Popcorn Types and Uses: 1. The Best Vegetarian Chili in the World. Anyone who has ever prepared an ear of fresh corn for dinner may be familiar with the thin thread like strands that is typically pulled off with the husk of the corn. For example, Maize first became cultivated in Mexico. DNA studies suggest that purposeful selection for various traits continued throughout this period, leading to the wide variety of species today. 6. Oct 28, 2018 · The uses of maize include: Maize flour: Maize flour or meal is a type of food eaten in many different cultures like angu (Brazil), polenta (Italy), mãmãligã (Romania), mealie pap, ugali, sadza and nshima (Africa). Sorghum is also commonly used in agriculture as feed for livestock. 2. A small  of these competing uses for maize residues. For feed mills specific maize varieties . These amino acids should be doubled to 4% lysine and 1% tryptophane to supportnormal body growth. Aug 27, 2015 · This corn is easy to grind and, thus, is used in baked goods and a slew of other foods—such as Jiffy corn muffin mix. From Mexico maize spread north into the Southwestern United States and south down the coast to Peru. Black Bean and Corn Salad II. Maize scientists and geneticists have used this information to track the evolution and dispersal of maize varieties as well as to reconstruct the history of maize domestication. the continent. It forms a staple food in some parts of India. Show us your finish line by sharing your bu/A, photo or story of the season (Optional). 15, 16 Africa uses 95% of its maize pro-. Corn is an annual plant, surviving for only one growing season prior to harvest and can reach 2–3 m (7–10 ft) in height. The ears are harvested very young while they are still immature, Popcorn. Two-thirds of Mexico’s cornfields are planted in native maize varieties, known in the United States Maize with exceptional high content of oil – utilized in the creation of the maize oil. A full range of maize grain products is available and includes hominy, grits, maize germ meal and maize gluten meal (a high protein feed). Maize takes a short amount of time for forming various opaque pastes. The, rain is very nutritious, with a high percentage of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Maize starch is most commonly used as a thickening and gelling agent for puddings sauces soups, etc it provides an economical and reliable substitute to other ingredients which are unstable at higher temps. They are a favorite among most families and are a part of many delectable dishes. Often the corn was dried to use later. Broken rice is used in brewing, distilling, and in the manufacture of starch and rice flour. Sep 24, 2019 · Studies show that corn maize is the source of food for many people and livestock. The cirn/ Maize wet milling process increases the nutritional and economic value of this package by separating it into homogenous fractions each having its specific identity and end use. Preparations and uses as food. If pulse crop is to be raised as intercrop, do not use  This article previously covered aspects of agricultural land use; you now find this In the chart we have plotted average corn (maize) yields in the United States  Maize definition: Maize is a tall plant which produces long objects covered with yellow seeds called. In industrialized countries, maize is largely used as livestock feed and as a raw material for industrial products. Maltodextrins are white powders, neutral in taste with very little or no sweetness. Some use it as a wheat flour replacement, while others use it to create a thick breading. One may or may not mix whole wheat flour for this purpose. Many food products contain ingredients that are made of maize. Apart from food, maize is also useful as medicines  31 Jul 2008 Conservative estimates on the demands for other uses of maize within the country and for export worked out by the study team on maize  Diversified uses of maize for maize corn starch industry, corn oil production, baby corns, popcorns, etc. S U B M I T T E D B Y : C H A R L E S J O E w w w . Corn is the most widely produced feed grain in the United States (U. Maize contributes to poverty reduction. Post-emergence herbicide for maize crops are: Maize grain is extensively used for the preparation of corn starch, corn syrup, corn oil dextrose, corn flakes, gluten, grain cake, lactic acid and acetone which are used by various industries such as textile, foundry, fermentation and food industries. by: Parker, Arthur Caswell, 1881- 1955. Uses: There are many uses for maize. Also known as maize fiber, this fiber has  Maize, often called corn, along with wheat and rice is one of the world's top crops. Ethanol is made from corn. Maize is being grown for greenfeed and silage on an increasing number of New Zealand pastoral farms. The Color Maize. Flint corn: Zea mays var. Maize (Zea mays), also known as corn, is an annual plant grown for its kernels and biomass. In USA and Canada corn and maize are one and the same, and is meant for the plant that produces kernels used for cooking. Among the big losses faced by agriculture are the attacks of pests and diseases. New ways of using corn are being developed every day. Apr 20, 2018 · Maize or Corn belongs to the cereal family; the silk is the thread-like material from the maize cob ear and its known to have various medicinal values. Microwave Corn on the Cob. Maize is primarily used as feed for livestock, suggesting the dependence of the livestock industry on corn production. Dec 11, 2013 · Worldwide, 60–70% of maize production is used domestically as livestock feed, and the remaining 30–40% is used for production of items for human consumption. They are always hardy and difficult to control; most times, farmers often use pre-emergence herbicide after planting to keep the weeds at bay for about 3months. The main function of urea fertilizer is to provide the plants with nitrogen to promote green leafy growth. When combined with other ingredients, such as lime, sugarcane can be used to create organic fertilizer. Open to U. Similar to maize, the types of editing used to improve these traits include template-free gene knockout, targeted editing of a small number of amino acids using a double strand DNA fragment as template, and insertion of entire genes using a large double-strand template bordered by regions of homology. Multitudes of maize subspecies are identified and classified depending upon the extent of starch each have 1. Maize flour is used to make nutritious bread which is highly palatable, and is easily broken down in the body. 10 May 2019 The technology has also facilitated cuts in fuel use, resulting in a reduction in the release of greenhouse gas emissions from the GM IR maize  Uses of Maize Maize Production Rice Rice Characteristics Rice Cultivation six true cereals in the world today, which are Wheat, Rye, Rice, Oats and maize. Humans eat maize or corn in the form of popcorn, porridge, beverage, etc. Uses of Maize or Corn The maize, which is one of the major staple foods in the world, is used as filler for plastics, insulation and adhesives. Corn is consumed widely in Indian cooking. Yellow maize is mostly used for animal feed production while the white maize is primarily for human consumption. the grain of this plant, used for food, fodder, and as a source of oilUsual US and Canadian name: corn See also sweet corn. The domesticated crop originated in the Americas and is one of the most widely distributed of the world’s food crops. Marketing procedures. Corn is also used in such products as glue, shoe polish, aspirin, ink, marshmallows, ice cream and cosmetics. w/ traveler’s diarrhea) Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (swine) Therapeutics (e. Called also Zea mays. Pri­mary root aborts after germination, and is replaced by fibrous adven­titious ones from the base of stem. There are 13,710 uses maize suppliers, mainly located in Asia. Sep 12, 2017 · Weed is one of the pests that reduce the yield of a maize farm. This study assessed factors that affect awareness of health implications of agrochemical use and its effects on maize production in  Zea mays. It is no secret that food is the ultimate medicine that can keep the heart and other organs going. 4g carbohydrate, 1. Corn (also known as maize), is one of the sweetest tasting grains. It is becoming more commonly used to brew gluten-free beer. Research is being done to make diesel out of the biogas by the Fischer Tropsch method. Combines can switch between a variety of heads depending on the type of crop harvested. Maize is able to pop because, unlike other grains, its kernels have a hard moisture-sealing Indian corn. Do not disturb the soil after herbicide application. The Combined Use of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers for Improving Maize Crop Productivity The problems associated with the single approach application of organic or inorganic fertilizers have made a combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers a viable option in improving maize crop productivity in the Nigeria. NoPurchNec. Along with many other indigenous plants like beans,  17 Nov 2016 "Today we eat sweetcorn, we use maize for fuel, but thousands of years ago people were utilising it differently," said Dr Wales, the lead  Apply herbicide when there is sufficient moisture in the soil. (corn) description. In terms of industrial usage, the grains of the maize are used in the transformation of plastics and fabrics. Here's where it goes. Along with many other indigenous plants like beans, squash, melons, tobacco, and roots such as Jerusalem artichoke, European colonists in America quickly adopted maize agriculture from Native Americans. It is put to many uses. 4 Jun 2019 The fall armyworm is a destructive pest that has a voracious appetite for maize and other crops. It can also be used as a replacement for the wheat flour in the production of the cornbread and other baked products. It is not usually necessary to apply fertiliser to supply all the crops nutrient requirements. Seeds are developed specifically for particular areas; if farmers, uses seed that is not recommended for their areas, they will encounter problems with their maize due to rotting, diseases or even low yields. The chemical composition of sunflower (S), maize bran (MB) and maize bran mixed with sunflower meal (MBS) used in this trial is shown in Table 2. The maize grain is a small one-seeded fruit called the caryopsis. Two-thirds of Mexico’s cornfields are planted in native maize varieties, known in the United States as “Indian corn. wheat path. The kernels can be white, yellow, red, purple or black in color. Also, any fires that occur during the growing season will Called maize in many languages, corn was first cultivated in the area of Mexico more than 7,000 years ago, and spread throughout North and South America. Maize is the third largest planted crop after wheat and rice. In this next picture, you see the shade of maize that each company uses. The oil from the embryo is used in cooking oils, margarine and salad dressings. The term corn is preferred over maize for food products that are made from it, such as corn flour, corn starch, cornmeal etc. There are two popular paps in Nigeria; hot-pap and cold-pap. The People of the Corn. Chicken Tortilla Soup I. Wheat Use in the United States The wheat seeds are put into the ground It is used for food, feed or raw materials for food and feed. Maize Oil (HSN code:15152100) Corn oil is oil extracted from the germ of corn (maize) Its main use is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes it a valuable frying oil. Maize farming may be a simple business to start but behind it are requirements needed to gain success. Depending on their composition, maize germ meal and maize germs are used in ruminant feeding either as a source of energy (as substitute for cereal grain, notably maize), protein or fat. It is generally used to make unleavened flatbreads (called roti in Hindi). See also carbohydrate engorgement. Maize is the second large crop produced in South Africa after sugar cane. It originated in America and has long been cultivated by the American  7 Sep 2009 Nature has perfectly fashioned seasonal foods in each geographical zones of the world to provide the inhabitants of the zones with the right  Preparations and uses of the maize grains varied from group to group, though at time with some similarities. Corn variations may be artificially defined according to kernel type as follows: dent, flint, waxy, flour, sweet, pop, Indian, and pod corn. 5. To meet this demand, maize is produced on 40% of the A glue impression is an imprint of maize epidermal cells on a glass slide made using a cyanoacrylate-based glue (super glue) that produces a permanent record of the leaf (Wilson et al. b a l a m u r u g a n t r a d e r s . The way the meal is used will largely depend on the texture and the food to be cooked. Corn silk has many essential flavonoids, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, sitosterol, along with calcium, potassium, and magnesium. Worldwide, only around 15% of maize production is used In the United States and Canada, maize grains are used as feed for livestock; however, the digestibility and palatability of maize silage, made by fermentation of chopped green corn stalks, is greater than dried. What is Maize Flour, Makkai ka atta? Maize flour is derived from the ground and desiccated seed of the maize plant. One of these is as a biofuel (see also What is a  2 Aug 2014 Maize is the most widely grown crop in the America and it is one of the important crops in the world. The idea of a  Maize grain use in New Zealand is split approximately. Maize cobs meal for livestock. Using the maize production system in Ethiopia, this study assessed the various uses of maize biomass and the implication of decisions by farm households on food security and for the development of the bioeconomy. ” Too poor to tolerate waste, farmers use every part of the corn plant. Read this article for more details about the use of Paraquat to grow this crop. It can make the plants look lush, and it’s necessary for the photosynthesis of plants. Maize is used as a supplement in animal feeds. The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. Protease Aug 02, 2014 · Uses Of Maize Maize can be used in many other ways they are: Maize Flour, Cornstarch, Kitty litter, Corn syrup and Maize mazes. The maize grain has many food (grain, flour, syrup, oil…) and non-food usages (cosmetics, adhesives, paints, varnishes). In addition to food and feed, maize has wide range of industrial applications as well; from food processing to manufacturing of ethanol. These include manufacture of cornstarch and its derivatives, glucose or corn syrup, dextrins and industrial alcohol and the uses of corn oil. Nov 14, 2017 · Using waxy maize after a strenuous workout is a great way to ensure you avoid these problems. The main maize producer’s countries are the United States, China, and Brazil, followed by Mexico, France, Argentina and India. Maize silage can be used on its own without adding it to grass silage. Dec 11, 2013 · Industrial maize processes. When heated, the natural moisture inside the kernel turns to steam and builds up enough pressure that it eventually explodes. It is also utilized for making chemicals, explosives, paint, dyes, pharmaceuticals, solvents etc. How to Start Maize Farming. Corn Silk Tea: A Gentle Remedy. Scientists continually look for new uses of maize, especially environmentally friendly uses. 3g fat, 74. Apr 22, 2019 · Uses of Corn Corn cobs hanging to dry has been a traditional practice in the cereal producing areas Corn is, along with rice and wheat, a major food grown in the world . Cream Corn Like No Other. This is a list of maize dishes, in which maize (also known as corn) is used as a primary ingredient. The inner workings of the combine itself don’t require a swap like changing heads from corn to another crop like soybeans, but adjustments in speeds, spacings, and more are made accordingly. Maize dishesEdit. Maize can be processed into a variety of food and industrial products, including starch, sweeteners, oil, beverages, glue, industrial alcohol, and fuel ethanol. The maize industry is an important earner of foreign exchange for the country through exports of maize and maize products. Endosperm Germ Pericarp Tip cap Maize The chief use of maize is as a food for man and livestock. Maize germ meal is highly palatable to ruminants. In the W aikato district, the area of maize crop planted for grain has increased many fold over the past six years, and this popularity has influenced non-maize growers to try growing maize for fodder or grain. What exactly happens is exactly the opposite of what the farmers expect- when you apply chemical fertilizers such as DAP when planting, they can have two effects- The fertilizer is acidic in Corn Facts for Kids. 13 Aug 2019 Uses Of Maize: Maize can be used in many other ways they are: Maize Flour, Cornstarch, Kitty litter, Corn syrup, and Maize mazes. 4 Jan 2017 Abstract. Christopher Columbus learned of maize while in the Americas, and brought it back to Europe. Topics: Indians of North America  Maize (Zea mays L. Corn, also known as Maize, was an important crop to the Native American Indian. is used mainly to feed livestock, but in other countries is used for   New uses for maize. There are many other uses of maize and this serves as a basic raw material to thousands of industrial products that may include oil, starch, alcoholic beverages, alcoholic beverages, pharmaceutical, food sweeteners, food cereals, cosmetic, and film, gum, textile, package and paper industries. Maize is a primary staple for 96 per cent of Kenyans, and over 75 per cent of total maize output is produced by smallholder farmers. The straw of sorghum is used to create wall boards for construction. To achieve higher productivity and resource-use efficiencies optimum plant stand is   11 Jun 2019 Maize High science teacher Stan Bergkamp led the drive to install 720 solar panels in a field near the school. Maize By-Product The Maize Kernel is a complex mixture of starch, protein, oil water, fiber vitamins and pigments all wrapped in a package. Oct 01, 2016 · Corn can be used for spells protection, luck, and in divination. Commodity Broker — A . Although we demonstrate use of this protocol with Zea mays (maize) leaves, the protocol can be easily adapted to other sturdy leaves. Aug 05, 2014 · Maize is an important food and feed crop in many countries. After rice, wheat and maize, bananas are the world's fourth most important food crop. In the study carried out by Abdulrahaman and Kolawole [7] , about 28 food items and 6 medical values of maize were May 17, 2018 · Maize (popularly known as corn) is often thought of as a roasted or boiled roadside snack that can easily be munched on the go. Corn oil can be used for massage oil, although it is not that popular. uses of maize

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